Behavioral problems in children with autism could be reduced with parent training, research finds.

Young children with autism spectrum disorder, who also have serious behavioral problems, showed improved behavior when their parents were trained with specific, structured strategies to manage tantrums, aggression, self-injury, and non-compliance. The findings from this parent training study by Yale and Emory University researchers were published recently in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

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Research finds possible reduction in lung cancer death in patients using Simvastatin

Lung cancer patients who used statins in the year prior to a lung cancer diagnosis or after a lung cancer diagnosis had a reduction in the risk of death from the disease.

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Role of Weak sunlight and low Vitamin D levels in relation to Pancreatic cancer incidence

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report pancreatic cancer rates are highest in countries with the least amount of sunlight. Low sunlight levels were due to a combination of heavy cloud cover and high latitude.

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Future of moblie diagnostics: New Biosensing Platform Could Quickly and Accurately Diagnose Disease and Monitor Treatment

In much the same way that glucometers and pregnancy tests have revolutionized in-home diagnostic testing, researchers from Florida Atlantic University and collaborators have identified a new biosensing platform that could be used to remotely detect and determine treatment options for HIV, E-coli, Staphylococcus aureas and other bacteria. Using a drop of blood from a fingerprick, this novel biosensing platform provides clinically relevant specificity, sensitivity and detection of pathogens from whole blood and plasma.

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Research sheds light into genetic mechanisms driving breast cancer progression

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have uncovered how the body's inflammatory response can alter how estrogen promotes the growth of breast cancer cells. Researchers identified how a combination of signaling molecules inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells, improving clinical outcomes for some subtypes of breast cancers.

The combination -- the steroid hormone estradiol and the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) -- act to expand the number of sites where estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) can bind to the genome in breast cancer cells. The new sites of ERα binding turn new genes on and off, which alters the growth response of the breast cancer cells, inhibiting their growth and improving clinical outcomes in certain cases.

The newly identified gene set can be used as a biomarker that can help physicians determine who is at risk and how they might react to certain therapies.

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Research focuses on validity of natural experiments to find effective solution to obesity pandemic

Banning sodas from school vending machines, building walking paths and playgrounds, adding supermarkets to food deserts and requiring nutritional labels on restaurant menus: Such changes to the environments where people live and work are among the growing number of solutions that have been proposed and attempted in efforts to stem the rising obesity epidemic with viable, population-based solutions. But which of these changes actually make an impact?

To answer that question, many public health researchers take advantage of "natural experiments"--looking at people's calorie consumption or physical activity levels, either comparing before and after a policy or environmental change, or comparing against a similar group of people not affected by that change. But not all natural experiments are created equal.

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